The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. The repercussions of this tremor were also seen on the Japanese stock markets; Nikkei came down by a whopping thousand points on the very next day. There are two types of waves S-waves and P-waves. Already have an account? For example as two plates move towards each other, one can be pushed down under the other one into the mantle. Learn more. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Don't have an account yet? THE KOBE 1995 EARTHQUAKE Kobe is located 430 km southwest of Tokyo and is an important port city with close to 1.5 million people Kobe (Great Hansin) EQ: hit the Hansin region of Western Japan that includes the city of Kobe on the 17th of January 1995 at 5:46am The earthquake lasted about 20 seconds with a strength of 7.2 on the These cause movements at right angles. It is written by Toshi Matsui, a Japanese university student. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section. Primary effects included the ruin of 150,000 buildings, the collapse of 1 km of the Hanshin Expressway, the destruction of 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe, and fires which raged over large portions of the city. A great amount of asbestos was left in bags. The Meriken waterfront was built in 1868. Gas mains were ruptured, water pipes fractured and elevated roads collapsed, such as the Hanshin expressway. Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Abstract. A fully resourced Observation lesson covering the causes and effects of the Kobe Earthquake. Out of the 80%, 70% was concrete and mortar and the rest was steel frames and aluminium sashes. What causes the earthquake? You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. In this article, I offer an overview from an economic perspective of Kobe 19 months after the event and what has been learned since. The Great Hanshin Earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasted over 20 seconds. Several expressways – including the severely damaged Hanshin Expressway, were closed as they were rendered unusable as a result of the damage caused to them. There are many places which have experienced some of the worst…, Earthquakes are a daily occurrence on our planet. Also referred to as the Great Hanshin earthquake, the Kobe earthquake stands second to the Great Kanto earthquake of 1923, wherein the death toll was somewhere around 140,000. Log in now! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Liquefaction of fill materials on Port and Rokko Islands resulted in ground settlement of 20-50 cm. Extensive soil liquefaction was observed during the 1995 Kobe earthquake, creating damage to port and harbour facilities in Port Kobe. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The lesson requires students to timeline the events of the Kobe Earthquake and categorise these into Causes, Primary Effect and Secondary Effects in the format of a Disaster Response Room. Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake? On Eurasian and African tectonic plate boundaries 2. Not the one? Third biggest earthquake in the region 2. The Kobe earthquake, which shook the island nation of Japan on 17th January, 1995, is considered to be the second most disastrous earthquake that the country witnessed in the 20th century. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. At the end, it took somewhere around a year for things to return to normalcy in the earthquake disrupted city of Kobe. This is an earthquake. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured a massive 7.2 on the Richter scale (or 6.9 on the more current Moment magnitude scale). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Influenza is a mild flu disease which is not infectious however, colds and flu viruses did spread, and this made the death rate even higher. 104,906 houses were completely destroyed, and 460,000 were damaged. Infrastructural collapse also brought most of the medical facilities in the region to a complete standstill, while disruption of the electricity supply and damaged roads and rail lines made rescue work all the more difficult. 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