As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. Smith and some of his associates were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this day maintain were groundless. : a member of a Christian church that was founded by Joseph Smith in the U.S. in 1830 : a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ), with full bibliography and citation information. HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS (LDS): 1805: Founder: Joseph Smith Jr. was born; 1820: Joseph Smith’s alleged “First Vision” = Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ appeared to Smith and told him not to join any of the churches for they were “all” wrong. Published in 1945, Brodie's No Man Knows My History was the work of a disaffected Mormon, the daughter of a general authority and the niece of Church President David O. McKay. 1.1. One element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a presidential contender. Such antagonism towards Mormons appears to have been spurred in part by economic rivalry and a distaste for the Mormon tendency to vote en bloc. Mormon meaning: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. In his 1859 interview with [Horace Greeley], Brigham Young asserted that blacks could not be priests until the "curse pronounced on Ham" had been lifted. In short, Mormon leaders are confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority. A member of the Mormon Church. A runt from under the Mormon ditch; we raise bigger on our land. His English rendering of the history, titled The Book of Mormon, was issued in 1830. 2. A Brief History. “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? The Mormon priesthood look toward the establishment of a temporal kingdom in connection with their religion. In the early 19th century, Joseph Smith, a New England farmer`s son, experienced a succession of supernatural visions. Congress continued to oppose the Mormon practice of polygamy, and the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890. As an adjective by 1842. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? The Mormon Church, a sect of Christianity sometimes referred to as a cult, has a collection of sacred writings called the Pearl of Great Price .. Mormons believe in the concept of creation according to Genesis, but they also give some additional information based on several other texts from Moses, Abraham, and texts of Joseph Smith.. Members of a mob fatally shot Smith and his brother in an assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844. Another tenet of Mormonism that eventually succumbed was the attitude towards blacks, who were denied the chance to achieve the priesthood in the early Mormon church. Twenty Mormons, including several children, were slain in the "Massacre at Haun`s Mill." The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. The Mormon produced a package which he had been concealing under his chair. History definition, the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 1, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219: 1.1.1. The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. Anti-Mormon public outcry persuaded President James Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Strife with Mormons erupted again. Mormon definition: Mormon means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith in the United States . The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. Marriott, with its deep history in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. Mormon definition: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. :WHO ARE MORMONS? Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. The church expanded quickly, and by the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents. Official Mormon histories about Joseph Smith may have been misleading. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Mormons, Mormonism, Mormon Church—following the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, these terms were used by the early opponents of the Church in order to avoid crediting Church members with being Christians. The word Mormon originally derived from the Book of Mormon, a religious text published by Smith as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". 1. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. See the full definition for Mormon in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Are you learning Spanish? Smith and his most loyal believers moved to Missouri in 1838, to regroup with other Mormons. Retrieved from "https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Encyclopedia_of_Mormonism&oldid=5078" The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. On April 6, 1830, Smith and some like-minded colleagues established the Church of Christ, soon to be known by today`s title, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Smith discovered them in 1827 on Cumorah`s Hill, near Palmyra. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. The Missouri Mormons had settled in a town called Far West in the northern part of the state, following their expulsion from Independence in 1834. English Language Learners Definition of Mormon. They sought admission to the Union, giving their proposed state the name Deseret, but in 1850, Congress opted to create the Territory of Utah, then name Young as governor. In 1838, Smith set up a new spiritual colony in Missouri, but by 1839, anti-Mormon prejudice there had proved too virulent. The paper was demolished, and Smith caught the blame. He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. The church`s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, New York, in 1830. Mormon (n.) "adherent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," 1830, introduced by the religion's founder, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), in Seneca County, N.Y., from Mormon, supposed prophet and author of "The Book of Mormon," explained by Smith as meaning more mon, from English more + Egyptian mon "good." Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith, a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon, of or relating to the Mormons, their Church, or their beliefs, How ‘Ethical’ Hotel Chain Marriott Gouges Guests in the Name of Wi-Fi Security, Why Your Next Vacation Will Be in Turkmenistan, The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built, History of the Prophet Joseph by His Mother. A Mormon dream became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state. They told him to be ready for a significant project. “Inauguration” vs. “Swearing In”: What’s The Difference? Experts write all our 2500 articles (and counting! Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. Join us now as we enter a mysterious building that no outsider has ever visited — a Mormon temple — for today we're studying that most curious of history texts, the Book of Mormon.. Learn more. One respected historian, Sydney E. Ahlstom, wrote in 1982 "One cannot even be sure, whether [Mormonism] is a sect, a mystery cult, a new religion, a church, a … Since 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the latest discoveries in world history. Expulsion from Missouri Mormons often referred to … The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… In over 4,500 family history centers operated around the world by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the fabric of humanity is being woven together as volunteers compile and record important dates and information about those who have died. This scheme was now implemented by [Brigham Young], who had become the new head of the church. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. That year, 1871, had marked a change which had been gradually coming in the lives of the peace-loving Mormons… We want you to know why things happened, how that matters today, and what you can do about it. The conflict ended in 1858 when Young accepted the new governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon to all concerned. Nauvoo rapidly became the state`s biggest city. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. This booklet will be a useful resource to have on hand as you strive to better understand Mormon definitions and … Lockup on June 27, 1844 a religious group who practised a type of Christianity 45th state and?! The 1830s was a decade of expansion, but the appointment was met with vocal protests disagreed! 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